10. X-Ray diffraction

Diffraction technology, like the Copper NuWave™, helps to identify the amount of useful resources in a given piece of ore, cutting down on wasted hunting by targeting rich materials. Diamond mining group ALROSA is already using diffraction in its mining sites, with others looking to adopt it. With so much of a site's success riding on spending minimal effort and time for maximum yield, technologies that make that process easier are transforming mining from the (literal) ground up.