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10 biggest mining companies in India

When it comes to major players in the mining industry, the mind often runs to Canada, Australia, or even Russia. Here, Mining Global looks at 10 of the biggest mining companies based in India.

10 | Kudremukh Ltd

Kudremukh is a flagship company under the Ministry of Steel, Government of India, formed in 1976. It is the country’s prestigious Export Oriented Unit, with iron ore mining, filtration technology and production of high quality pellets.

The company has a major pelltization complex located in Mangalore, the coastal city of Karnataka. There, the annual capacity of the plant is around 3.5 million tons of iron ore pellets.

9 | Bharat Aluminium Company

Bharat Aluminium Company, a subsidiary of Vedanta Resources, Bharat has the distinction (one of many) of being the first to have Captive Power Plant. BALCO has two Bauxite mines in Chhattisgarh state – one at Mainpat with a capacity of 7, 50,000 TPA and the other at Bodai Daldali (Kawardha) with a capacity of 12,50,000 TPA.

BALCO is playing a crucial role in introducing Aluminium as a potential alternative to other metals like Steel in construction, and Copper in power transmission industry, and was the first to produce alloy rods for conductors used across the industry.

8 | Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation Ltd

Incorporated in 1963 to develop major mineral resources in India, with a Silica Sand quarrying plant for crushing and screening of Silica Sand required the Glass Industry. Fast forward nine years and the company was granted a Lignite Mining Lease at Panandhro, Dist. Kutch. It started its Lignite mining operation which gave an opportunity for GMDC to develop its first Lignite mine to cater the fuel demand of the Industries in the State.

As recent as 2015, the company announced a Lignite Mine of 1 mMT per annum capacity at Umarsar, Dist. Kutch. Withsix operating Lignite mines in the State, the GMDC became the largest merchant seller of lignite in the country.  GMDC has also set up a 1.5 million TPA Pyrite Removal Plant at Bhavnagar Lignite Project on Built on Operate (BOO) basis for removal of Pyrite nodules.

7 | Hindustan Copper

Incorporated under the administrative control of the Ministry of Mines, Hindustan Copper Ltd is the nations only vertically integrated copper producing company. Hindustan manufactures copper from the stage of mining to beneficiation, smelting, refining and casting of refined copper metal it downstream.

The bulk of the operations are spread across India, Khetri Copper Complex (KCC) at Khetrinagar, Rajasthan, with the Indian Copper Complex (ICC) at Ghatsila, Jharkhand, Malanjkhand Copper, Project (MCP) at Malanjkhand, Madhya Pradesh,  Taloja Copper Project (TCP) at Taloja, Maharashtra.

6 | Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited

One of the premier public sector enterprises of the government of Rajasthan, with a primary focus in mining and marketing of industrial minerals.  The company has a number of mining operations focusing on phosphate, lignite, limestone and gypsum.

The major activity of RSMML is the mining of Rockphosphate ore, with one of the largest mines in the country at Jhamarkotra. Jhamarkortra is a major player in contributing 98 percent of rock phosphate production in India. 

The company also owns and operates a number of Lignite deposits, with the Giral mine producing around 12, 00,000 MT per year.

5 | National Aluminium Company Ltd

Established in 1981, NALCO is a Navratna CPSE under the Ministry of Mines, Govt of India.

The company has a 68.25 lakh TPA Bauxite Mine & 22.75 lakh TPA Alumina Refinery located at Damanjodi in Koraput dist. of Odisha, and 4.60 lakh TPA Aluminium Smelter & 1200 MW Captive Power Plant located at Angul, Odisha.

But it’s not only metals, NALCO also has two wind power plants - A 50.4 MW wind power plant at Gandikota, Andhra Pradesh and another of 47.6 MW wind power plant at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.

Nalco has a fully mechanised opencast bauxite mine in Damanjodi. The present capacity of mines at Damanjodi, is 68.25 lakh TPA, which works out around 6825,000 tonnes per annum.

4 | Hindalco

Hindalco Industries Limited is the metals flagship company of the Aditya Birla Group and just so happens to be an industry leader in aluminium and copper. A turnover of a small sum of US$17 billion makes Hindalco the world’s largest aluminium rolling company and one of the primary producers of Aluminium in Asia.

Hindalco has operations in aluminium, and copper, with a world class copper smelter that stands as one of the world’s largest custom smelters at a single location.

Looking at the company’s aluminium smelting operations, and there are many (Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh) produce a combined 1.3 million tonnes of primary aluminium per year.

3 | Vedanta

Vedanta is one of the world’s largest natural resources company with interests in Zinc, Lead, Silver, Copper, Iron Ore, Aluminium, Power and Oil & Gas, with a significant foothold across India.

The company has a number of major operations across, deep breath, Copper (Vedanta Ltd. Copper Division – Sterlite Copper), Zinc (Hindustan Zinc Ltd), Aluminium (Bharat Aluminium Company Ltd, Vedanta Ltd – Aluminium Division), Iron Ore (Vedanta Ltd – Sesa Iron Ore), Oil & Gas (Cairn India Ltd), Power (Vedanta Ltd – Power Division, MALCO Energy Ltd, Hindustan Zinc Ltd).

And breathe.

The fully integrated zinc operations currently hold 79% market share in India’s Zinc industry. Vedanta is also one of the largest silver producers globally with an annual capacity of 16moz.

There is huge end-demand for zinc in India, particularly since the galvanizing sector continues to deliver strong growth. The country’s investment in infrastructure is also driving end-demand for zinc, and this momentum is likely to continue for many years. 

2 | Hindustan Zinc Ltd

Hindustan Zinc, a subsidiary of Vedanta Group, is an exploration company with a key interest in zinc, lead and silver. The company is one of the world’s largest integrated producers of zinc, while also being up there as one of the major players in lead and silver production.

Hindustan has a metal production capacity of over one million tonnes per annum across its key zin mines in Rampura Agucha and Sindesar Khurd, as well as smelting complexes in Chanderiya and Dariba in Rajasthan.

There is also power generation on the agenda, with the company owning 474 MW of coal based thermal captive power plants in Rajasthan to support its metallurgical operations. This environmentally friendly power generation includes 274 MW of wind energy and 35.4 MW from waste heat generation.

1 | National Mineral Development Corporation India

Incorporated in 1958 as a Government of India fully owned public enterprise. Under the administrative control of the Ministry of Steel, Government of India, the NMDC is India's single largest iron ore producer, presently producing about 30 million tonnes of iron ore from 3 fully mechanised mines.

The NMDC is actively involved in the exploration of a wide range of minerals including iron ore, copper, rock phosphate, lime stone, dolomite, gypsum, bentonite, magnesite, diamond, tin, tungsten, graphite, beach sands etc.

NMDC is presently producing about 20 million tonnes of iron ore from its Bailadila sector mines and 10 million tonnes from Donimalai sector mines.

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10 | Kudremukh Ltd

Kudremukh is a flagship company under the Ministry of Steel, Government of India, formed in 1976. It is the country’s prestigious Export Oriented Unit, with iron ore mining, filtration technology and production of high quality pellets.

The company has a major pelltization complex located in Mangalore, the coastal city of Karnataka. There, the annual capacity of the plant is around 3.5 million tons of iron ore pellets.

9 | Bharat Aluminium Company

Bharat Aluminium Company, a subsidiary of Vedanta Resources, Bharat has the distinction (one of many) of being the first to have Captive Power Plant. BALCO has two Bauxite mines in Chhattisgarh state – one at Mainpat with a capacity of 7, 50,000 TPA and the other at Bodai Daldali (Kawardha) with a capacity of 12,50,000 TPA.

BALCO is playing a crucial role in introducing Aluminium as a potential alternative to other metals like Steel in construction, and Copper in power transmission industry, and was the first to produce alloy rods for conductors used across the industry.

8 | Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation Ltd

Incorporated in 1963 to develop major mineral resources in India, with a Silica Sand quarrying plant for crushing and screening of Silica Sand required the Glass Industry. Fast forward nine years and the company was granted a Lignite Mining Lease at Panandhro, Dist. Kutch. It started its Lignite mining operation which gave an opportunity for GMDC to develop its first Lignite mine to cater the fuel demand of the Industries in the State.

As recent as 2015, the company announced a Lignite Mine of 1 mMT per annum capacity at Umarsar, Dist. Kutch. Withsix operating Lignite mines in the State, the GMDC became the largest merchant seller of lignite in the country.  GMDC has also set up a 1.5 million TPA Pyrite Removal Plant at Bhavnagar Lignite Project on Built on Operate (BOO) basis for removal of Pyrite nodules.

7 | Hindustan Copper

Incorporated under the administrative control of the Ministry of Mines, Hindustan Copper Ltd is the nations only vertically integrated copper producing company. Hindustan manufactures copper from the stage of mining to beneficiation, smelting, refining and casting of refined copper metal it downstream.

The bulk of the operations are spread across India, Khetri Copper Complex (KCC) at Khetrinagar, Rajasthan, with the Indian Copper Complex (ICC) at Ghatsila, Jharkhand, Malanjkhand Copper, Project (MCP) at Malanjkhand, Madhya Pradesh,  Taloja Copper Project (TCP) at Taloja, Maharashtra.

6 | Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited

One of the premier public sector enterprises of the government of Rajasthan, with a primary focus in mining and marketing of industrial minerals.  The company has a number of mining operations focusing on phosphate, lignite, limestone and gypsum.

The major activity of RSMML is the mining of Rockphosphate ore, with one of the largest mines in the country at Jhamarkotra. Jhamarkortra is a major player in contributing 98 percent of rock phosphate production in India. 

The company also owns and operates a number of Lignite deposits, with the Giral mine producing around 12, 00,000 MT per year.

5 | National Aluminium Company Ltd

Established in 1981, NALCO is a Navratna CPSE under the Ministry of Mines, Govt of India.

The company has a 68.25 lakh TPA Bauxite Mine & 22.75 lakh TPA Alumina Refinery located at Damanjodi in Koraput dist. of Odisha, and 4.60 lakh TPA Aluminium Smelter & 1200 MW Captive Power Plant located at Angul, Odisha.

But it’s not only metals, NALCO also has two wind power plants - A 50.4 MW wind power plant at Gandikota, Andhra Pradesh and another of 47.6 MW wind power plant at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.

Nalco has a fully mechanised opencast bauxite mine in Damanjodi. The present capacity of mines at Damanjodi, is 68.25 lakh TPA, which works out around 6825,000 tonnes per annum.

4 | Hindalco

Hindalco Industries Limited is the metals flagship company of the Aditya Birla Group and just so happens to be an industry leader in aluminium and copper. A turnover of a small sum of US$17 billion makes Hindalco the world’s largest aluminium rolling company and one of the primary producers of Aluminium in Asia.

Hindalco has operations in aluminium, and copper, with a world class copper smelter that stands as one of the world’s largest custom smelters at a single location.

Looking at the company’s aluminium smelting operations, and there are many (Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh) produce a combined 1.3 million tonnes of primary aluminium per year.

3 | Vedanta

Vedanta is one of the world’s largest natural resources company with interests in Zinc, Lead, Silver, Copper, Iron Ore, Aluminium, Power and Oil & Gas, with a significant foothold across India.

The company has a number of major operations across, deep breath, Copper (Vedanta Ltd. Copper Division – Sterlite Copper), Zinc (Hindustan Zinc Ltd), Aluminium (Bharat Aluminium Company Ltd, Vedanta Ltd – Aluminium Division), Iron Ore (Vedanta Ltd – Sesa Iron Ore), Oil & Gas (Cairn India Ltd), Power (Vedanta Ltd – Power Division, MALCO Energy Ltd, Hindustan Zinc Ltd).

And breathe.

The fully integrated zinc operations currently hold 79% market share in India’s Zinc industry. Vedanta is also one of the largest silver producers globally with an annual capacity of 16moz.

There is huge end-demand for zinc in India, particularly since the galvanizing sector continues to deliver strong growth. The country’s investment in infrastructure is also driving end-demand for zinc, and this momentum is likely to continue for many years. 

2 | Hindustan Zinc Ltd

Hindustan Zinc, a subsidiary of Vedanta Group, is an exploration company with a key interest in zinc, lead and silver. The company is one of the world’s largest integrated producers of zinc, while also being up there as one of the major players in lead and silver production.

Hindustan has a metal production capacity of over one million tonnes per annum across its key zin mines in Rampura Agucha and Sindesar Khurd, as well as smelting complexes in Chanderiya and Dariba in Rajasthan.

There is also power generation on the agenda, with the company owning 474 MW of coal based thermal captive power plants in Rajasthan to support its metallurgical operations. This environmentally friendly power generation includes 274 MW of wind energy and 35.4 MW from waste heat generation.

1 | National Mineral Development Corporation India

Incorporated in 1958 as a Government of India fully owned public enterprise. Under the administrative control of the Ministry of Steel, Government of India, the NMDC is India's single largest iron ore producer, presently producing about 30 million tonnes of iron ore from 3 fully mechanised mines.

The NMDC is actively involved in the exploration of a wide range of minerals including iron ore, copper, rock phosphate, lime stone, dolomite, gypsum, bentonite, magnesite, diamond, tin, tungsten, graphite, beach sands etc.

NMDC is presently producing about 20 million tonnes of iron ore from its Bailadila sector mines and 10 million tonnes from Donimalai sector mines.

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